Saturday, November 18, 2017

Cultivation

0

With marijuana having been legalized in 23 states all over the U.S., now is as good a time as any for newbies to try their hands at growing (with the appropriate licenses of course). No longer are marijuana users restricted to buying their herb of choice from shady, underhanded dealers. Nowadays, you can simply place an order for seeds online, grow your own marijuana, and end up with a much better product than you could possibly get from the street.

cool marijuana plantOf course, growing marijuana is a serious discipline unto itself, and there are numerous details to consider if you hope to be able to do it right. Although marijuana is a pretty hardy and durable plant that can grow in a wide variety of settings, growing it under optimal conditions will help ensure a better quality product.

To make it easier for you to get started on the road to marijuana cultivation, you might want to select seeds that are known to be easy to grow and maintain. Nowadays, a virtual science has developed around breeding and genetic development, and you can simply choose seeds that are easy to grow and provide you with a higher chance of success. Here are some of the easiest strains to grow if you are a beginner.

Skunk #1 (feminized)

This is the strain that started it all. Highly-regarded for over 25 years now, Skunk #1 has lost none of its renown even with the development of many other notable strains. As testament to the potency and complex flavor and aroma, many types of potent marijuana are now routinely referred to as ‘skunks’ even if they do not belong to the same lineage.

White Skunk

A great choice for first-time growers, White Skunk is nevertheless a well respected strain that deserves all the acclaim it gets. Potent and smooth with a long-lasting high that is undoubtedly ‘skunkish’ in nature, White Skunk nevertheless has a distinctive aroma that many say is an improvement over the familiar Skunk aroma.

Super Skunk (feminized)

As the name suggest, Super Skunk is Skunk taken to a whole new level of potency and flavor. The result of one of the first serious cross breeding experiments, Super Skunk is the amazing offspring of Skunk #1 and an original Afghani hash plant. With generous yields, the durable plant has won numerous awards since the year it was unveiled to the public.green marijuana

Double Gum

The aptly named Double Gum is a tantalizingly sweet and delicious strain that calls to mind the classic bubble gum flavors of our youth. Powerful and potent, yet amazingly smooth, this strain is remarkably easy to grow. It performs well in a variety of growing conditions, and is equally suited to indoor and outdoor growing.

Northern Lights – White Label

We close the list with a fine Indica that combines all the best qualities of original Northern Lights with the latest in auto-flowering feminized strains. The result is a powerful and heady bud that delivers in the high and flavor departments. With a noticeable citrus taste and a pleasantly powerful high, this one is definitely worth growing.

0

Growing weed is as much an art as it is a science, and no method better typifies this concept than hydroponics. Although there is something to be said about growing marijuana in soil and outdoors – a method that has undoubtedly resulted in some prime bud – growing via a hydroponic system has a number of notable advantages of its own.

hydroponic marijuana grow

The Basic Concept of Hydroponics

One of the most notable characteristics of hydroponic cultivation is the use of an inert medium instead of soil. The system also relies on the introduction of nutrients that help encourage growth and increase yield, such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. In many systems, nutrients such as calcium, chlorine, copper, manganese, zinc, boron, and iron are also introduced into the mix.

Necessary Materials and Procedure

In terms of materials and methods, hydroponic systems vary considerably depending on the goals of the grower and the space available. PVC pipes are commonly used to transport fluids and nutrients to the roots of the plants, which are usually suspended through holes in the pipes.

Lighting Systems

Most hydroponic systems also utilize artificial lighting for better control and more consistent illumination. This is especially useful during the vegetative stage of plant growth, when the goal is to increase foliage as much as possible. This will help increase yield when it comes time to harvest the plant, and will also ensure that the plant grows strong enough to support the heavy buds when the time comes to flower them.

In order to get the best results from the lighting system, it is important to ensure that no light enters the grow room from the outside. This isn’t as much of an issue during the vegetative phase of growth as it is during the flowering stage, when light leaks may confuse the plant. In extreme cases, light leaks may cause the plant to revert back into the vegetative stage when it should be flowering. It may also result in hermaphrodite plants that have much less potency and lower yields than female plants.

Hydroponics equipment and SuppliesVentilation Concerns

Ventilation is an important concern in any growing system, but it is especially crucial in a hydroponic system. For optimal growth and the health of your plants, you should make sure that carbon dioxide and humidity levels are kept at optimal levels at all times. You should also make every attempt to control heat by running a fan over your plants.

Cost of a Hydroponic System

One thing that you will realize is that growing via a hydroponic system will involve a higher initial startup cost compared to growing your plants in soil. You will also need considerably more knowledge to get your system up and running efficiently.

That being said, a hydroponic system will require much less space than a soil-based system. It is also a much more hygienic method of growing with no risk of pest infestation or root rot, which will result in healthier plants. More importantly, a hydroponic system will also get you a higher yield in much less time.

0

Apart from nutrients, possibly the most important element in ensuring is quality grow is lighting. Good lighting can help your plant reach its full potential and maximize your yield. Conversely, inadequate or inappropriate lighting will limit your yield and possibly even place your plants in jeopardy.

There are four basic types of lighting that can be used for growing and flowering:

  • High Intensity Discharge (HID)
  • Fluorescent
  • Incandescent
  • LED

High Intensity Discharge (HID)

HID lighting is one of the most efficient types of light you can use for growing cannabis. HID lights come in two varieties:

  1. Metal halide (MH)
  2. High pressure sodium (HPS)
HID grow lights
HID grow lights

Metal halide is ideally suited for growing because the light that it produces is in the blue end of the spectrum. Aside from encouraging leaf growth, this type of light also results in more compact plants. If natural light is not an option, metal halide is the best choice for an indoor grow. Keep in mind that metal halide bulbs have an estimated life of 10,000 hours (cumulative), and that the quality of light produced declines rapidly from this point on, making it less suitable for growing.

High pressure sodium lights produce an orange-red hue. This type of light is better suited for the flowering stage, when it triggers hormones in the plant that increase the production of buds/flowers. If you do have access to natural light, or if you intend to use metal halide lights as your primary light source, HPS lights make a great choice for a secondary light. Although these lights are fairly efficient and have a longer lifespan than metal halide lights, they being to draw more electricity and produce less light after passing their estimated lifespan (typically 18,000 hours).

Fluorescent

Fluorescent lights are best suited for sprouts and seedlings. They can also be used for much of the vegetative stage of growth, and many marijuana growers have even used them successfully for flowering. It is important to note that fluorescent lights are relatively low-intensity, and you will have to place them very close to your plants in order for them to work. Most experts recommend placing them within eight inches of your plants, although you can place them much closer for even better results.

Incandescent

Incandescent are also suitable for starting plants and lighting them during the seedling stage. Because they do not require ballasts, incandescent lights are often used as an inexpensive substitute for HID lights. However, they are less suitable for lighting several plants due to their limited range and low lumen output.

LED grow lights
LED grow lights

LED

It was only recently that LED lights have been considered suitable for growing purposes. For many years, the low output and low quality of these lights have made them unsuitable for growing applications. With the development of more efficient LED lighting systems however, they have become quite popular among growers. Among the advantages of LED light are the elimination of unnecessary yellow lights, and the use of light wavelengths that are actually more beneficial to plants. They also consume less energy than HPS lighting systems, making them the more cost-effective option.

0
*Face palm*

Chalk it up to Florida.

A Polk County man was arrested June 7 after he allegedly attacked his brother with outdoor marijuana plants. He now faces domestic battery and drug charges.

Rodney Brown
Rodney Brown

The fight between Rodney Brown, 31, and his brother Jackie Brown, 33, started in the evening, escalating from a verbal argument, according to the Polk County Sheriff’s Department. The two share a house together in Lakeland, a property Rodney Brown owns.

An Argument Gone Wrong

Sheriff’s deputies received a call at about 6:20 p.m. about a domestic disturbance in the house. Jackie Brown told them his brother went to the backyard and tore several cannabis plants from the ground, then proceeded to slap him in the face with them.

Rodney Brown uprooted plants of various heights, some as tall as three feet, and used the “hemp in a harsh manner,” the sheriff’s department alleges. The department didn’t indicate the value of the weed, but said deputies found 10 marijuana plants and paraphernalia at the home. Rodney Brown allowed the search.

Brother Faces Felony Charges Over MJ Assault

Cultivation of less than 25 pounds of pot is a felony in Florida, punishable by as many as five years in prison and a maximum $5,000 fine. Rodney Brown was charged with cultivation, possession of more than 20 grams – a felony with similar penalties – and misdemeanor possession of drug paraphernalia, in addition to battery.

He was processed at the Polk County Jail after his arrest and has since posted bail.

*Face palm*
*Face palm*

“The victim and suspect are brothers by birth, reside at the same residence and currently live together as a family,” a report by the sheriff’s department said. “The victim stated on Saturday, he and the suspect were engaged in a verbal argument. During this argument the suspect uprooted several cannabis plants varying in lengths up to three feet and then actually and intentionally struck the victim in the face with the plants.”

The moral (if there is one)? Weed is supposed to be about peace, harmony and brotherly love. Those things should be especially important if you’re actively committing a felony.

0

The federal prosecutor for eastern Washington State is seeking to imprison five people for at least 10 years for growing a few dozen medical marijuana plants.

Last year the Obama administration handed down guidelines allowing states to legalize weed for recreational or medical use. Voters in Washington have had MMJ since 1998 and voted to make recreational pot legal in 2012.

growing marijuana plantsBut U.S. Attorney Mike Ormsby is still aggressively pursuing federal charges against cultivators and sellers, charges critics say wouldn’t hold up under state law. Ormsby’s counterpart for the western part of the state has generally kept his hands off the medical pot industry.

“This case is another glaring example of what’s wrong with the federal policy on cannabis,” said Kari Boiter, Washington coordinator for Americans for Safe Access.

Lee Harvey, 70, an MMJ patient, along with three relatives and a family friend, each face a mandatory minimum sentence of 10 years in prison after police found 70 marijuana plants growing on their Stevens County farm.

Officers said they found guns on the property, and that’s why Ormsby’s office is seeking long sentences. Harvey and his co-defendants said the weapons were for hunting, but police said they were loaded and placed near a tub of weed.

Marijuana is legal under state law in Washington, but it’s entirely illegal under federal law. Federal always takes priority over state law.

The case is a glaring example of the differences in how some prosecutors interpret the guidelines from the Department of Justice. Those rules say states that legalize may move forward with their cannabis programs as long as they enforce eight federal priorities, such as preventing interstate trafficking.

As long as the states do this, the Justice Department and its agencies won’t interfere and won’t target patients, users, or businesses that obey state cannabis laws. A memo outlining these guidelines was released last August.marijuana prison

But federal prosecutors operate with a great deal of discretion, and the only way the president can effectively enforce his will on a rogue U.S. attorney is to fire him or her. That isn’t likely to happen over legal weed. So some prosecutors have continued to target legitimate pot providers despite the orders from Justice.

Growers like Harvey are common in Washington, and have been since MMJ was first introduced. They’re essentially ignored in the western part of the state, as are the quasi-legal dispensaries that sell medical weed to patients.

“Where commercial outlets are largely permitted in western Washington, the [U.S. attorney’s office] in eastern Washington is subjecting individual patients to mandatory minimum prison sentences for private cultivation,” Harvey’s defense attorneys wrote in a letter to Attorney General Eric Holder.

0

Growing marijuana indoors might be a more favorable option if you don’t have space outdoors or if the climate is not suitable for outdoor growing. While many types of cannabis can be grown equally well indoors or outdoors, some strains are better suited to indoor growing.

Why would you want to grow weed indoors? For one thing, you will have a lot more control over the environment and growing factors than if you planted your seeds outdoors. It is also much easier to conceal your crop if secrecy and/or security is an issue.indoor grow marijuana plant

Below we present a selection of seeds that are ideally suited to indoor growing. Keep in mind that there are many more strains out there that will provide similarly satisfactory results, so ask your supplier for more suggestions.

One of the strains that you should try is Afghan. The result of the crossbreeding of different varieties of Kush, Afghan is almost entirely Indica. These plants are characterized by round leaves and big buds. Afghans don’t have as many crystals as other strains, but the smoke that it emits is very rich and smooth. It is also quite flavorful, with a potent fruity flavor. Afghans are high in cannibidiol content, which makes it one of the most suitable strains for pain-relief purposes.

Aurora Indica is another type of Indica that is ideally suited for indoor growing. It has actually the result of been around for many years and is derived from Northern Lights and Afghan strains. This lineage produces a strain of exceptionally high quality bud thanks to the individual qualities of Northern Light and Afghan, which are known for their high yield and robustness respectively.

The Aurora Indica strain is characterized by a heavy and stony high. The plant material itself is very dark – almost black, in fact – and the aroma is definitely on the pungent side. A very potent strain, Aurora Indica produces a very relaxing sensation that makes it ideally suited for those who are looking for a strain that can be used to provide a considerable degree of pain-relief. Because of its potency, Aurora Indica is best taken in small doses.

Haze is another great option for those looking for a strain to plant indoors. This particular variety of weed is derived from Jamaican sativa and Skunk. The resulting plant is characterized by long tall stems and golden-hued buds. The leaves are also noticeably narrow towards the end, and the buds themselves pack a very respectable 15% to 20% THC content despite their comparatively small size.

Haze plants can grow as high as 250 cm, and even taller plants are possible if they are given even more space. Because of its size, Haze is often the strain of choice for growers that are interested in maximum yield. That being said, Haze can be very challenging to grow, and is best suited to growers that have considerable experience with other strains. The high that users get from Haze is commonly described as strong and “uplifting”.

0

Growing your own marijuana can be very rewarding in more ways than one, but it does involve a great deal of time, effort, and money. If you are really serious about growing quality weed, you will also need to learn about issues such as pH testing, soil preparation, nutrient planning, and so much more. It is all pretty involved stuff to be sure, but it could be one of the most rewarding experiences you can ever have.

Because of the immense amount of detail that goes into growing marijuana – so much more than what could be contained in a single article – this guide covers only the basics of growing. This will hopefully give you a good start to further research.

Items needed:close up weed

  • seeds
  • growing medium
  • lights
  • pots
  • ventilation
  • thermometer/hydrometer
  • pH testing equipment

In addition to the above items, you will also need to invest in the following:

  • nutrients/supplements
  • odor control system
  • watering system

What kind of seeds to use?

The first and most important item is of course the seed. Although quality seeds will give you a much better product, you can start out with any type of seed you can get your hands on. This will allow you to become familiar with the growing process without having to waste money on expensive high-quality seeds.

What growing system is best?

The next important concern is your growing medium. Some of the most common choices are rock wool, jiffy cubes, soils, and perlite or vermiculite. More and more growers also opt for a hydroponic system.

If you opt to grow your plants in soil, it would be best to go with organic – as opposed to pre-fertilized – soil. For optimum results, soil pH should be somewhere around the 6.3 to 7.0 range.

Lights, pots, and ventilation…

As for lights, most experts recommend allotting 50 to 100 watts per plant or 3500 to 5000 lumens at a minimum after about 2 weeks when the plants are fully mature. You can either use fluorescent lights or High Intensity Discharge (HID) lights, which come in a number of different varieties.

For pots, you will need to have a 1 gallon sized pot for every foot of plant. If you have a two-foot tall plant for instance, you will need a 2 gallon pot.little marijuana plants It would be best to start off with smaller pots and then move your pants up to bigger pots as they grow.

Don’t neglect to plan for adequate ventilation. For optimal plant growth, you will need to ensure proper air movement, as well as exhaust and intake of air. An oscillating fan is a good addition to your grow room, as it will help keep your plants cool while strengthening their stems at the same time.

Don’t forget to water!

Watering is of course the most important concern when growing plants. New sprouts should be kept in medium moist soil constantly during the first two weeks. When the plants have grown sufficiently, you will only have to water them when the top two to three inches of soil feel dry to the touch. Over time, you should be able to determine whether or not your plants need to be watered by the weight of the pot.

0

The Canadian government is appealing a court ruling that lets medical pot patients continue growing their own weed for the time being.

The nation’s massive MMJ program is in the midst of a major transition. For many years it was a state-run monopoly system in which patients could buy a sickly product known as CanniMed or grow their own. Now the government wants patients to stop growing and buy all their pot from several approved commercial producers.

The change has met with substantial resistance, in part due to price increases and the loss of personal independence. Medical pot is guaranteed in Canada by court decree, though the federal government enforces it only under duress.growing marijuana plants

“I want to emphasize that marijuana is not an approved drug or medicine in Canada,” said Health Minister Rona Ambrose. “Health Canada does not endorse the use of marijuana, but the courts have required reasonable access to a legal source for medical purposes.”

Earlier in March, the Federal Court granted patients an injunction so they can continue growing at home. It will be in effect while patients challenge the changes the government is making to the MMJ program.

On March 31 the government said it would appeal the injunction to the Federal Court of Appeal.

The medical marijuana program was established by Health Canada in 2001, and patients have been allowed to grow their own supplies since then. They could also buy CanniMed.

That weak, noxious, monopoly product was one of the reasons Canadian patients relied so heavily on home cultivation. It didn’t help relations between Health Canada and patients when CanniMed’s manufacturer got a new license so soon after the old program was terminated.

So far, the government has awarded cultivation licenses to 12 companies. Another 600 have applied.

Health Canada says letting so many patients grown their own pot poses too many risks, like fire and crime, and the program has been subject to serious abuse. But patients say the new system will mean higher prices and less selection. Certain illnesses can require particular strains of cannabis that commercial cultivators may not grow.

0

In an important ruling for medical marijuana users in Michigan, and arguably for those elsewhere, the Michigan Supreme Court ruled in early February that local governments may not ban medical marijuana.

Marijuana plants (2)Voters in Michigan adopted medical weed at the polls in 2008 with a majority of 63 percent. Most of the votes in every county went for MMJ. Yet two years later, the City of Wyoming passed a zoning ordinance designed to shut medial pot out for good.

Other communities followed. The ordinance, and those like it, don’t actually address marijuana directly. Instead, they proclaim that any act considered a crime under federal law is also considered a violation of local ordinance – a violation that comes with jail time and heavy fines, just like old, criminalized marijuana.

In other words, it was a blatant attempt to turn back the clock and wipe the MMJ law off the books. The Supreme Court, thankfully, saw straight through what Wyoming and its fellow municipalities were trying to do.

Justice Bridget McCormack said in the Feb. 6 ruling that the law passed by voters was specifically intended to remove penalties for proper use of weed. The ordinance in Wyoming defeats that purpose, McCormack said.

The ruling is important because it beats back a new and favorite tactic of anti-pot zealots. Many of these people have taken up position in municipal government and are determined to use any means at their disposal to eradicate the devil’s weed.

Communities in other states, such as California, have acted against medical marijuana by imposing zoning bans that shut out retail dispensaries or home cultivation. But such rules aren’t always possible under state law – and even where they work, they only succeed at closing shops, not at stopping marijuana use.

Dispensaries aren’t allowed in Michigan, so the only target left for local governments is cultivation. And since the state won’t help them eradicate all things cannabis, they’ve turned to their favorite new strategy.marijuana glass jar

Pot is still illegal under federal law, even where it’s legal under state law, so some municipal leaders stumbled onto the idea that they could simply declare that their community follows federal law, enforce federal statutes, and leave it at that.

The problem, as the court understood, is that Wyoming and towns like it are entities, subdivisions, of the state. They are duty-bound to enforce state law, even where it conflicts with federal. As McCormack noted, the feds can always send in their own agents to bust up MMJ if they choose.

But that wasn’t Wyoming’s role to play. Hopefully the message will carry to other community leaders eager to wipe out marijuana: This is a matter for voters, not local politicians, to determine. And once the voters have spoken, there’s no undoing their wishes by political trickery.

0FansLike
157Subscribers+1
5,199FollowersFollow
966SubscribersSubscribe